Massachusetts 1789 U.S. House of Representatives, District 4, Ballot 5
- U.S. House of Representatives (Federal)
- U.S. Congressman
- Massachusetts 1789 U.S. House of Representatives, District 4, Ballot 5
- Fifth Ballot
- U.S. House of Representatives/U.S. Congressman
- Theodore Sedgwick, Samuel Lyman, John Bacon, Thompson J. Skinner, William Whiting, Simeon Strong, Ichabod Crittendon, Samuel Henshaw, William Lyman, Joel Smith, John Worthington
|Candidates:||Theodore Sedgwick||Samuel Lyman||John Bacon||Thompson J. Skinner||William Whiting||Simeon Strong||Ichabod Crittendon||Samuel Henshaw||William Lyman||Joel Smith||John Worthington|
|Final Result: ||2155||2138||67||11||9||2||1||1||1||1||1|
|District of Four||2155||2138||67||11||9||2||1||1||1||1||1|
|Town of Adams||32||2||-||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Alford||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Becket||27||4||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Dalton||9||3||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Egremont||20||25||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Great Barrington||44||25||-||-||2||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Hancock||23||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Lanesborough||100||2||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Lee||27||38||13||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Lenox||34||39||9||-||2||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Louden||13||3||-||-||-||-||1||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Mount Washington||2||12||-||-||1||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|District of New Ashford||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of New Marlborough||66||13||-||-||1||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Partridgefield||16||1||-||1||2||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Pittsfield||64||11||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Richmond||72||19||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Sandisfield||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Sheffield||70||81||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Stockbridge||107||-||35||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Tyringham||39||30||2||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Washington||6||24||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of West Stockbridge||14||3||8||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Williamstown||105||37||-||3||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Windsor||29||1||-||5||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Amherst||32||56||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||1|
|Town of Ashfield||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Belchertown||44||55||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Bernardston||12||25||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Blandford||43||40||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Brimfield||69||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Buckland||10||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Charlemont||4||5||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Chester||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Chesterfield||27||16||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Colrain||23||4||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Conway||24||25||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Cummington||40||1||-||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Deerfield||41||8||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|District of Easthampton||15||9||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Goshen||14||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Granby||7||29||-||-||-||1||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Granville||7||64||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Greenfield||14||51||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Greenwich||6||78||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Hadley||49||8||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Hatfield||40||7||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||1||-|
|Town of Heath||11||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Holland||10||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Leverett||11||40||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|District of Leyden||-||85||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Longmeadow||14||56||-||-||-||1||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Ludlow||-||64||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Middlefield||3||40||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Monson||26||68||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Montague||33||5||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Montgomery||4||7||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of New Salem||9||51||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Northfield||31||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Northampton||123||11||-||-||-||-||-||1||1||-||-|
|Town of Norwich||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|District of Orange||11||15||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Palmer||5||60||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Pelham||2||62||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|District of Plainfield||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Rowe||9||4||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Shelburne||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Shutesbury||-||60||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of South Brimfield||9||14||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of South Hadley||21||15||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Southampton||65||22||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Southwick||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Springfield||20||137||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Sunderland||16||8||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Ware||6||45||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Warwick||15||39||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Wendell||13||3||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of West Springfield||18||177||-||-||1||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Westfield||78||42||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Westhampton||31||18||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Whately||32||2||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Wilbraham||11||132||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Williamsburg||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Town of Worthington||78||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
Massachusetts law required a majority to elect for the U.S. House of Representatives. The original election was held on December 18, 1788, with a 2nd Trial on January 29, 1789, a 3rd Trial on March 2, 1789 and a 4th Trial on March 30, 1789.
Theodore Sedgwick was not seated until after the 1st Session of Congress began.
"The first election in the district was in part a reflection of the rivalry between Hampshire and Berkshire counties. Berkshire was the less populous county, but four of the six candidates who received the most votes - Theodore Sedgwick, William Whiting, Thompson J. Skinner, and William Williams - were residents of the county. The two Hampshire candidates were Samuel Lyman and John Worthington. The first election did not reflect the fact that the two counties were centers of agrarian discontent and of support for Shays's Rebellion. Nor did it reflect the fact that in the state Convention the Hampshire delegates voted 32 to 19 and the Berkshire delegates voted 16 to 6 against ratification of the Constitution. Only Whiting was regarded as a Shaysite and an Antifederalist, while the other five men were Federalists - and two of these - Worthington and Williams - had been virtual if not actual Loyalists during the Revolution. The issue of amendments to the Constitution was not raised during the first election in the district, but it became so important in the ensuing elections that Theodore Sedgwick, who opposed amendments, publicly promised to support them before the fifth election, which he won." The Documentary History of the First Federal Elections: 1788-1790, Vol. I. p 603.
"The implication that there had been fraud in the issuing of precepts and in the return of votes in the fourth election, and that the sheriff of Hampshire County was responsible, possibly led to the publication of a notice in the Hampshire Chronicle on 29 April that Sheriff Elisha Porter would receive the votes at his office in Hadley from Monday, 11 May, through Saturday, 16 May. Sedgwick won the election, but again there were charges that the election had been 'stolen' from Lyman by holding back the votes of pro-Lyman towns." The Documentary History of the First Federal Elections: 1788-1790, Vol. I. p 712.
"The votes of seventeen towns were not returned, or were not returned in time to be counted in the fifth election. As in the fourth election, Samuel Lyman's supporters believed that Theodore Sedgwick's men were responsible and that Lyman had been cheated of the election. Sedgwick's supporters, on the other hand, insisted that he was the choice of the majority of those who voted in all five elections." The Documentary History of the First Federal Elections: 1788-1790, Vol. I. p 736.
There were no votes recorded in Alford.
There were no votes recorded in New Ashford.
There were no votes recorded in Sandisfield.
The votes from Washington were not included in the Original Election Returns.
There were no votes recorded in Ashfield.
There were no votes recorded in Chester.
The votes from Conway were not included in the Original Election Returns.
There were no votes recorded in Norwich.
The votes from Palmer were not included in the Original Election Returns.
There were no votes recorded in Plainfield.
There were no votes recorded in Shelburne.
There were no votes recorded in Southwick.
The votes from Sunderland were not included in the Original Election Returns.
There were no votes recorded in Williamsburg.
Original Election Returns. Massachusetts State Archives, Boston.
Lee Town Records.
Palmer Town Records.
The Hampshire Gazette (Northampton, MA). May 13, 1789.
The Berkshire Chronicle, and the Massachusetts Intelligencer (Pittsfield, MA). May 15, 1789.
The Hampshire Chronicle (Springfield, MA). May 20, 1789.
Jensen, Merrill and Robert A. Becker, ed. The Documentary History of the First Federal Elections: 1788-1790. Vol. I. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1976. 712-742.
These election records were released on 11 January 2012. Versions numbers are assigned by state. Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia are complete and are in Version 1.0. All other states are in a Beta version. For more information go to the about page.