Massachusetts 1788 Electoral College, Essex District

Electoral College (Federal)
Massachusetts 1788 Electoral College, Essex District
First Ballot
Electoral College/Elector
George Cabot, Samuel Phillips, Jr., Jonathan Titcomb, Azor Orne, Samuel Holten, Benjamin Goodhue, Samuel Phillips, Benjamin Greenleaf, John Pickering, John Choate, Jonathan Gardner, Jonathan Jackson, Thomas Kitteridge, Nathan Banks, Israel Hutchinson, Daniel Killam, Aaron Cheever, Timothy Dexter, Samuel Fowler, Nathan Goodfale, Jonathan Greenleaf, Theophilus Parsons, Nathaniel P. Sargent, Squire Shove
Electors: George Cabot[1]Samuel Phillips, Jr.[2]Jonathan TitcombAzor OrneSamuel HoltenBenjamin GoodhueSamuel PhillipsBenjamin GreenleafJohn PickeringJohn ChoateJonathan GardnerJonathan JacksonThomas KitteridgeNathan BanksIsrael HutchinsonDaniel KillamAaron CheeverTimothy DexterSamuel FowlerNathan GoodfaleJonathan GreenleafTheophilus ParsonsNathaniel P. SargentSquire Shove
Presidential Candidate:George Washington / John Adams
Final Result: [3][4][5][6][7]955676323184155100301411875422211111111
District of Essex955676323184155100301411875422211111111
Essex County955676323184155100301411875422211111111
Town of Amesbury--18--22------------------
Town of Andover6167-23229------------------
Town of Beverly9597--1-------------------
Town of Boxford135-412-------------------
Town of Bradford3434----------------------
Town of Danvers251230-2-----------1-1----1
Town of Gloucester1407171---------------------
Town of Haverhill5659-2-10---------2--------
Town of Ipswich555519319----8--------------
District of Lynfield---19--18-----------------
Town of Lynn2626----------------------
Town of Manchester14------14----------------
Town of Marblehead931-92--------------------
Town of Metheun1310--912-------2----------
Town of Middleton[8]------------------------
Town of Newbury363729130-------------------
Town of Newburyport1561088641442----5-----1--1-1-
Town of Rowley----22228-----------------
Town of Salem93823548--2-11-7--------1-1--
Town of Salisbury23-35-14-------------------
Town of Topsfield2212-9-1------4-2---------
Town of Wenham[9]------------------------


[3]Massachusetts had a unique method for choosing its Presidential Electors. In each of the eight Congressional districts, voters voted for two electors. The Massachusetts General Court would then chose one Elector from among the top two candidates in each district to go along with two at-large Electors chosen solely by the General Court.
[4]"The Massachusetts Election Resolutions of 20 November 1788 provided that on 18 December, when the voters cast their votes for Representatives in each district, they should also vote for two men as presidential Electors. The votes were to be sent to the Secretary of the Commonwealth by Monday, 5 January, and on 7 January the legislature in joint session would elect one of the two men receiving the highest number of votes in each district. The legislature would then elect two Electors from the state at large from among men who had not received votes as Electors in any district. When the votes were returned to the Secretary, it was revealed that more than 220 men had received votes, including virtually every Federalist leader in the state. The Federalist-controlled legislature therefore hurriedly passed a resolution on 6 January declaring that anyone not disqualified by the Constitution 'shall be considered as eligible for an Elector at large, any resolve to the contrary notwithstanding' (see House and Seate Proceedings, 6 January)." DenBoer, Gordon and Lucy Trumbull Brown, ed. The Documentary History of the First Federal Elections: 1788-1790. Vol. II. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1976. 529.
[5]Samuel Phillips, Jr. was chosen by the Massachusetts General Court as the Elector for Essex County.
[6]Elections for Presidential Electors were held on December 18, 1788. The Massachusetts General Court then selected the 10 Electors on January 7, 1789. The Electors voted for President on February 4, 1789.
[7]"The elections in the country have, in general, been very thinly attended - owing in some measure to the late fall of snow, making the passing bad." The Massachusetts Centinel (Boston, MA). December 20, 1788.
[8]There were no votes recorded in Middleton.
[9]There were no votes recorded in Wenham.


Original Election Returns. Massachusetts State Archives, Boston.
The Massachusetts Centinel (Boston, MA). December 20, 1788.
The Salem Mercury (Salem, MA). December 23, 1788.
The Massachusetts Centinel (Boston, MA). December 24, 1788.
The Hampshire Chronicle (Springfield, MA). December 31, 1788.
Jensen, Merrill and Robert A. Becker, ed. The Documentary History of the First Federal Elections: 1788-1790. Vol. I. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1976. 441-511, 529-542.

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