In choosing a United States Senator, each branch of the legislature voted separately. For a candidate to be elected, it was required that he receive a majority in both the State Senate and Assembly. If that did not happen, then both branches would convene together and, in a joint ballot, choose from between the two highest candidates. In this election, no choice was made between the two branches, necessitating a joint ballot.
"On Tuesday last, the legislature of this State made choice of Theodorus Bailey, Esq. of Dutchess County as a Senator on the Senate of the U.S. House of Representatives of the United States." The Albany Register (Albany, NY). February 4, 1803.
Journal of the New York Assembly, 1803. 39-40.
The Albany Register (Albany, NY). February 4, 1803.
American Citizen (New York, NY). February 9, 1803.
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