Massachusetts 1789 U.S. House of Representatives, District 3, Ballot 2

U.S. House of Representatives (Federal)
U.S. Congressman
Massachusetts 1789 U.S. House of Representatives, District 3, Ballot 2
Second Ballot
U.S. House of Representatives/U.S. Congressman
Elbridge Gerry, Joseph B. Varnum, William Hull, James Winthrop, Ebenezer Bridge, Leammi Baldwin, Eleazer Brooks, Nathaniel Gorham, Abraham Fuller, Francis Dana, James Russell
Candidates: Elbridge Gerry[1]Joseph B. VarnumWilliam HullJames WinthropEbenezer BridgeLeammi BaldwinEleazer BrooksNathaniel GorhamAbraham FullerFrancis DanaJames Russell
Final Result: [2][3][4]11403662058252954211
District of Three11403662058252954211
Middlesex County11403662058252954211
Town of Acton34-310--5----
Town of Ashby37----------
Town of Bedford[5]-----------
Town of Billerica2928119------
District of Boxboro-181--------
Town of Cambridge4130240------1
District of Carlisle16---5------
Town of Charlestown7223192-------
Town of Chelmsford2113--21------
Town of Concord2051171-------
Town of Dracut-58---------
Town of Dunstable17----------
Town of East Sudbury23----------
Town of Framingham1967----2---
Town of Groton35-3--------
Town of Holliston264---------
Town of Hopkinton42-1--------
Town of Lexington25-123-------
Town of Lincoln12192--------
Town of Littleton19-4--------
Town of Malden621---------
Town of Marlborough71-12--------
Town of Medford13124--------
Town of Natick1452--------
Town of Newton36-33-----2--
Town of Pepperell20-719-------
Town of Reading18273--------
Town of Sherborn19-2-123-----
Town of Shirley29----------
Town of Stoneham231-----2---
Town of Stow1254------1-
Town of Sudbury16212--------
Town of Tewksbury344-11------
Town of Townsend63----------
Town of Waltham1798--------
Town of Watertown45214--------
Town of Westford653-54------
Town of Weston41812--------
Town of Wilmington51----6-----
Town of Woburn708---------


[2]Massachusetts law required a majority to elect for the U.S. House of Representatives. The original election was held on December 18, 1788.
[3]"The campaign for the second election got underway before the votes for the first election were recorded officially on 6 January 1789. The Boston newspapers, which virtually ignored Middlesex District before 18 December, thereafter devoted almost as much space to it as they had to the Suffolk election. The central issue, as far as the Boston newspapers were concerned, was the candidacy of Elbridge Gerry and the fact that he supported amendments to the Constitution. The Federalists, according to the newspapers, had great difficulty in deciding which of several candidates would run or, if elected, which ones would serve. The Antifederalists had difficulty of another sort: most of them evidently supported Gerry, who insisted that he was not a candidate. Gerry, however, never said flatly that he would not accept if elected, although Federalist newspaper writers insisted that he had done so. Gerry won overwhelmingly, receiving more than three times the votes given the nearest contender, Joseph B. Varnum, and more than five times the votes cast for William Hull, whom the Boston newspapers finally settled upon as the Federalist candidate." The Documentary History of the First Federal Elections: 1788-1790, Vol. I. p 635-636.
[4]"As a majority of our votes have been given to Federal characters, it is evident your general determination is to be represented by a Federalist. The misfortune is that in being divided with respect to the man, our object has been lost. The Antifederalists have discovered more policy by bestowing all their votes on one man. And unless we follow their example in this instance, there is every probability that they will succeed, while we are disappointed. Unite therefore at the next election. Let all our votes be bestowed on one man, and let that man be Brigidier General William Hull. We will thus defeat the designs of the enemies to the new Constitution, and have the satisfaction of being represented by an able and upright Federalist." The Massachusetts Centinel (Boston, MA). January 10, 1789.
[5]There were no votes recorded in Bedford.


Original Election Returns. Massachusetts State Archives, Boston.
The Massachusetts Centinel (Boston, MA). January 10, 1789.
Jensen, Merrill and Robert A. Becker, ed. The Documentary History of the First Federal Elections: 1788-1790. Vol. I. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1976. 635-661.

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